with Luke Taylor
When I moved to Minnesota I heard many people use the word borrow incorrectly: For example, 'Mike asked me to borrow him a book.' Can you please help?Borrow is defined in the Oxford Dictionary of Current English as "take and use (something from someone else) with the intention of returning it." It also defines the word as "have (money) on loan from a person or bank."
I borrowed three books from the library. My brother let me borrow his electric drill.The act of borrowing is limited to the recipient of the loan. The person who makes the money or items available for borrowing is a lender. According again to the Oxford Dictionary of Current English, to lend is "to allow (someone) to use (something) on the condition it will be returned."
Hey man, could you lend me some money?Thus lending is to give, borrowing is to receive, albeit temporarily.
My father was happy to lend me his stepladder.
Can I borrow your circular saw?There's a related word, loan, that's worth talking about. Strunk and White's The Elements of Style maintains the word loan is only a noun, and it encourages the use of the verb lend. As we all know, however, language changes over time. The Elements of Style was written in 1919 and updated in 1957 and 1979.
Sure, I can lend it to you this weekend.