Does 'community' matter, the things we do to animals, 'boom' times create 'bust' people, are you in there, and the Kluwe chronicles.
For a short time today -- too short to get a decent picture -- the sky over Minnesota was wearing a pinstripe suit, thanks to the weather conditions that made obvious what is true all the time -- there's a highway over us.
Jet contrails only form to this degree in certain weather conditions.
Let's turn it over to Dr. Steve Ackerman at the University of Wisconsin for a proper explanation:
If you are attentive to contrail formation and duration, you will notice that they can rapidly dissipate or spread horizontally into an extensive thin cirrus layer. How long a contrail remains intact, depends on the humidity structure and winds of the upper troposphere. If the atmosphere is near saturation, the contrail may exist for sometime. On the other hand, if the atmosphere is dry then as the contrail mixes with the environment it dissipates. Contrails are a concern in climate studies as increased jet aircraft traffic may result in an increase in cloud cover. It has been estimated that in certain heavy air-traffic corridors, cloud cover has increased by as much as 20%. An increase in cloud amount changes the region's radiation balance. For example, solar energy reaching the surface may be reduced, resulting in surface cooling. They also reduce the terrestrial energy losses of the planet, resulting in a warming. Jet exhaust also plays a role in modifying the chemistry of the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. NASA and the DOE are sponsoring a research program to study the impact contrails have on atmospheric chemistry, weather and climate.
Coincidentally, 11 years ago tomorrow provided some important data in the research of this question about whether contrails can influence the weather, the Christian Science Monitor reported...
Then Sept. 11, 2001 presented a unique opportunity to study what the sky looked like without airplanes and contrails. In the wake of the 9-11 terrorist attacks, the FAA prohibited commercial aviation over the United States for three days. That's when David Travis, an atmospheric scientist at the University of Wisconsin, Whitewater, thought to look at how temperatures might differ at temperature stations around the country.
He found that [PDF], for those three days, the average range between highs and lows at more than 4,000 weather stations across the US was 1 degree C wider than normal. In other words, contrails seemed to raise nighttime temperatures and lower daytimes ones.
But the real effect was in daytime highs, which were much higher. That would seem to indicate that, contrary to prevailing thinking, contrails might have a net cooling effect.
Certain areas seemed particularly sensitive to the absence of contrails. Because of unique climatic conditions in the atmosphere in these regions -- chiefly, moisture-laden air -- the Pacific Northwest and the Midwest are often covered by contrails. But when planes stopped flying right after 9-11, Travis also found that these areas saw the most dramatic increase in daytime highs.
It's unlikely much is being influenced, though, by today's contrails. They're evaporating fairly quickly, although several of them are faintly visible -- especially in southeast Minnesota -- in this satellite photo, taken around 10:15 this morning.
The Minnesota Court of Appeals ruled today that if you drive drunk, the authorities can seize your car and keep it.
The court ruled in the case of Matthew Nielsen, who was stopped by Minneapolis police in April 2011. He pleaded guilty to DWI, his fourth in two years.
The department seized the car but Nielsen claims under the Minnesota Constitution , "the state cannot acquire his car through forfeiture or that if it can, it must pay him the value of the forfeited car."
But the Minnesota Legislature has exempted some property from attachment, garnishment, or sale on any final process, issued from any court.
Bibles, for example. And some cars...
One motor vehicle to the extent of a value not exceeding $2,000; or one motor vehicle to the extent of a value not exceeding $20,000 that has been modified, at a cost of not less than $1,500, to accommodate the physical disability making a disabled person eligible for a certificate authorized by section
But in its decision today, the Court of Appeals ruled the drunk driving forfeiture of property is not covered by the above statute, and said the Legislature did not intend to protect the loss of vehicles belonging to repeat drunk drivers...
It provides that a drunk driver's motor vehicle is subject to forfeiture when it is used to commit a designated offense; it does not limit forfeiture to a vehicle of any minimum value and expressly allows for forfeiture of motor vehicles that are valued even below $500; it immediately vests "[a]ll right, title, and interest" in the vehicle subject to forfeiture "in the appropriate agency," and then it requires the forfeiting agency either to keep and use the vehicle or to use "70 percent of the proceeds" in its DWI-related operations and distribute the remaining "30 percent of the . . . proceeds" to the prosecuting authority for prosecutorial purposes.
For at least two reasons, the two sections cannot be read as Nielsen argues. First, the forfeiture statute's express allowance for forfeiture of even a $500 car is meaningless if the exemption statute prohibits forfeitures of vehicles valued below $4,400. Second, if Nielsen is correct that the exemption statute allows the state to take a car by forfeiture but requires the state to then reimburse the owner the after-sale exemption amount up to $4,400, then the forfeiture statute's requirement that the forfeiture sale proceeds be divided exactly 70-30 between the acting law-enforcement and prosecutorial agencies could never be followed.3 Comments)
MPR's Lorna Benson reports today that another person has been struck by a variant of H1N2, the swine flu strain linked to some animals at the Minnesota State Fair.
All four people who have contracted the virus so far were exhibitors or family members of exhibitors who spent prolonged periods of time with pigs at the fair, according to Minnesota assistant state epidemiologist Richard Danila.
LiveScience.com reports today there are "lethal signs" in some research into a different strain of H1N2. In tests, ferrets -- taking the place of humans in the research -- developed some serious illnesses.
This virulent strain, H1N2, caused classic flu symptoms in the ferrets, from sneezing and labored breathing to weight loss and high fever. All three ferrets inoculated with the disease died or were euthanized humanely within 10 days. Three more ferrets were exposed to the sick animals (before they died); two of them contracted the flu. One died, and the other had to be euthanized because its illness was so severe.
What's the big deal with flu in pigs? They're considered a "a perfect mixing pot for different versions of the virus," which makes them the link in transmitting a disease to another species -- humans, for example.
But researchers say H1N2 is a close "cousin" of H1N1 and if people were vaccinated during the pandemic scare a few years ago, they're probably safe from this latest strain, according to LiveScience.com.
Still, there was a cry in some quarters to close the swine barn at the State Fair amid the possibility of a big flu outbreak of some variety. State officials insisted the likelihood was small and resisted the gloomy predictions. Apparently, they were right. The state epidemiologist says the number of calls reporting flu symptoms are "way down."(1 Comments)